'Embrapa Cattle Southeast, Rodovia Washington Luiz, Km 234, C.P. 339, 13560-970, Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo State, Brazil; 2Embrapa Western Amazon, C.P. 3'9, 69011-970, Manaus, Amazonas State, Brazil; 3Embrapa Soybean, C.P. 23', 8600'-970
Journal of Applied Horticulture, 2007, volume 9, issue 2, pages 91-96.
Abstract: Banana cultivation is ranked as one of the agricultural activities of greatest economic importance and social significance in Brazil. The area under banana cultivation in Brazil (516,000 ha) is larger than India and Ecuador, leading countires in production, but with rather lower productivity due to lack of adequate crop management, particularly fertilizer application. The objective of this work was to investigate the rate of nutrient retranslocation and the effect of fertilization on the yield and uniformity of banana bunches cultivated in central Amazon region. Two field experiments were conducted in a xanthic Ferralsol (dystrophic Yellow Latosol) - predominant soil of the region, examining: a) the nutrient translocation rate in twelve plants; and b) the efficiency of zinc use, in a completely randomized blocks in split plot design with four rates of ZnSO4 (0, 30, 60 and 120 g plant1 cycle1) and two application times (in the hole together with the seedling or applied in the fifth month after planting), with four replicates. Under the local edaphoclimatic conditions, the results show that N, P, K, Mg and Cu have a high retranslocation rate. The plant yield was influenced by the rates of ZnSO4, with the most efficient application method being in the planting hole. Results indicated that at high concentrations, zinc had mobility in the phloem from the leaves to the fruits. The proposed critical leaf zinc concentration at the start of inflorescence was 12.9 mg kg-1 for the third leaf.