PRINT  ISSN 0972-1045
Search For: Advanced Search

Journal of Applied Horticulture. 2001: 3(1): 3-12

The impact of carbenicillin, cefotaxime and vancomycin on chrysanthemum and tobacco TCL morphogenesis and Agrobacterium growth

Silva, J A T da; Fukai, S

Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University, Miki-cho, Kagawa, 761-0795, Japan.

Agrobacterium-mediated plant genetic transformation requires a two-step process for its success: selection and regeneration of transformed tissues, and the elimination of the transformation vector, Agrobacterium. This study uses carbenicillin (CA), cefotaxime (CF) and vancomycin (VA) singly, or in combination, to eliminate Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4404 and AGLO growing on Agrobacterium-favouring (LB) and plant-favouring (MS) media, at transgenic plant selection levels (10 or 25 micro g/ml kanamycin for chrysanthemum and tobacco, respectively). The three antibiotics differed in their capacities to eliminate Agrobacterium i.e., bacterial threshold survival levels (TSLs), depending on the strain, medium and light conditions. Plant TSLs differed from those for Agrobacterium, and were cultivar-, species- and light-dependent, with CA > VA > CF in terms of phytotoxicity. Since over 90% of plant transformation experiments use Agrobacterium as the transformation vector, with most of these containing an aminoglycoside antibiotic degrading gene, such as nptll or hptll, the morphogenic reaction of these two economically important plant species to these antibiotics has relevance to the various sectors involved with genetic transformation.


Email notification of forthcoming papers

Subscribe to our mailing list

Name: E-Mail:

Subscribe | Unsubscribe