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Journal of Applied Horticulture. 2001: 3(2): 119-121

Evaluation of spent biogas silage as casing soil in mushroom cultivation

Gupta, V P; Vishnu Kumar

Department of Botany, C.C.S. University, Meerut - 250 004, India.

The effects of casing soil composition on mushroom productivity were studied. The casing soil consisted of: 50% garden loam soil + two-year-old farmyard manure or FYM (control, set 1); spent biogas plant silage + 0.5% diammonium phosphate (DAP)+ 0.5% superphosphate (set 2); 50% spent biogas plant silage + 50% FYM (set 3); 50% spent biogas plant silage + 25% FYM + 25% two-year-old spent compost + 1% DAP + 1% superphosphate (set 4); 50% spent biogas plant silage + 50% spent compost + 0.5% DAP + 0.5% superphosphate (set 5); and 50% spent biogas plant silage + 25% FYM + 25% garden loam soil (set 6). Bags containing the casing soil and a straw-based compost with 1.5-inch thick spawn layer were transferred to growth chambers at 24+or-1 degrees C. The mycelium impregnated the casing soil in 8-10 days. When the casing soil was fully impregnated with mycelia, the temperature of the chamber was lowered to 18+or- degrees C. The mushrooms were harvested after 11-12 days. Except for set 2, which recorded 21% lower crop yield, all treatments gave higher crop yields than the control. Set 4 resulted in the highest yield (48.16 kg), which was approximately 25.7% higher than that of the control. At least 8 flushes of mushrooms were obtained with all the treatments except set 2, with which only 7 flushes of mushrooms were obtained. Based on mushroom productivity, set 4 was superior among the casing soil treatments.


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